International Air Training, Flying an aeroplane
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Aircraft usually take off and land at a designated location for safety and convenience. These locations would probably be an airfield or airport. Both will have facilities and resources for take-off and landing and support installations such as re-fuelling and fire fighting facilities.
They would also have various maintenance and accommodation buildings. An airport however will have facilities for transporting passengers and freight and will have custom control. To land or take off a hard runway is generally used which is marked to show, for example, the centreline, the threshold and the ends. To organise the area for ‘planes to move safely’ there are certain designated areas such as runways, taxiways and servicing platforms. There are others such as the Holding Position where an aircraft would wait before turning onto the runway; this position is normally 70m from the edge of the runway.
A typical modern aviation airfield supporting non passenger aircraft has a runway that is 60 Metres wide. As air operations are a 24-hour facility lighting has to be used during darkness. Coloured lights are used to show the centre, edge and length of the runway to assist landing. For example the taxiway is marked with a row of blue lights on the edge if less than 18m wide.
Aircraft are usually flown by three main control surfaces: the elevator (on the tail plane) causes the aircraft to go up and down (Pitch); the Ailerons (at the rear of the wings) cause the aircraft to roll; and the rudder (on the fin) causes the aircraft to turn (Yaw).
Instruments in the cockpit of all aircraft are necessary to tell the pilot a number of things about the aircraft: a compass will show where the aircraft is going; the Air Speed Indicator will show speed; the Altimeter will show the height; the artificial horizon ( attitude indicator) will show the ‘planes attitude; and, specific to a glider is a variometer which shows whether the aircraft is losing or gaining height. In a powered aircraft it is necessary to be able to control the engine. Depending on the complexity of the aircraft there can be a lot of gauges to keep an eye on but the latest aircraft now use TV monitors and for weapons use. The pilot may have sensors in his helmet to look and lock his weapons onto an enemy aircraft. Modern flight training takes into all account all of these features.
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Dassault proceeds with caution over Falcon 7X re-entry
Dassault Aviation is still proceeding with caution over the re-entry into passenger service of its Falcon 7X business jet.
This is despite Dassault's confidence its ongoing investigation into the pitch trim fault that grounded the 7X fleet will eliminate any remaining uncertainties.
International Air Training and Aviation Industry News exists to provide information on behalf of flight training organizations, safety groups, pilot supplies companies and others to people who are planning to learn to fly for either a career or recreationally, or who intend to upgrade existing ratings.
We cover the whole range of licences from Private Pilot training (including micro-lights), through Commercial Pilots to Air Transport Pilots and include both civil and military training. We tell you as much as we can about new rules and regulations, as soon as we can. We explain them in simple language so that those just getting started and readers whose first language is not English do not feel left out by jargon they can't understand.
We also concentrate on safety and airfield issues and on news about aviation and the history of flight in general.